Initial Surface Current Measurements on the West Florida Shelf Using Wera Hf Ocean Radar with Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) Synthetic Aperture

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Conference Proceeding

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hf radar, mimo, ocean radar, ship detection, surface current, synthetic aperture

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High-frequency (HF) radar systems located at the coast are well-known as a measurement tool for synoptic online mapping of ocean surface current fields. These radars use surface electromagnetic wave propagation coupled to the salty ocean surface and are capable of monitoring thousands of square kilometers of the ocean surface. For oceanographic applications, low transmit power HF radar beamforming systems have been developed for operation in the 3-30 MHz frequency band. These systems require the use of a linear array of receive antenna elements whose inter-element spacing is dependent upon the operational frequency chosen. This paper presents a new approach of applying the Multiple Input Multiple Output (MIMO) technique with a synthesized antenna aperture to a compact HF ocean radar. The initial results show that the MIMO HF radar configuration with collocated receive antennas can be used for both oceanographic measurements and ship tracking applications. Initial MIMO results also reveal that positive results can be achieved from a reduced length receive array without reducing overall system performance. The comparison between standard and MIMO configurations has been focused on the estimation of surface current velocities and comparison with in-situ acoustic Doppler current profiler (ADCP) measurements. © 2014 IEEE.

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Citation / Publisher Attribution

Presented at the 2014 Oceans - St. John's, OCEANS 2014 in September 2014 in St. John's, NL, Canada