Metabolic Switching Is Impaired by Aging and Facilitated by Ketosis Independent of Glycogen
glucose, diet, ketogenic diet, keto-adaptation, intermittent fasting
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
The ability to switch between glycolysis and ketosis promotes survival by enabling metabolism through fat oxidation during periods of fasting. Carbohydrate restriction or stress can also elicit metabolic switching. Keto-adapting from glycolysis is delayed in aged rats, but factors mediating this age-related impairment have not been identified. We measured metabolic switching between glycolysis and ketosis, as well as glycogen dynamics, in young and aged rats undergoing time-restricted feeding (TRF) with a standard diet or a low carbohydrate ketogenic diet (KD). TRF alone reversed markers of insulin-related metabolic deficits and accelerated metabolic switching in aged animals. A KD+TRF, however, provided additive benefits on these variables. Remarkably, the ability to keto-adapt was not related to glycogen levels and KD-fed rats showed an enhanced elevation in glucose following epinephrine administration. This study provides new insights into the mechanisms of keto-adaptation demonstrating the utility of dietary interventions to treat metabolic impairments across the lifespan.
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Citation / Publisher Attribution
Aging, v. 12, issue 9, p. 7963-7984
Scholar Commons Citation
Hernandez, Abbi; Truckenbrod, Leah; Federico, Quinten; Campos, Keila; Moon, Brianna; Ferekides, Nedi; Hoppe, Meagan; D’Agostino, Dominic; and Burke, Sara, "Metabolic Switching Is Impaired by Aging and Facilitated by Ketosis Independent of Glycogen" (2020). Molecular Pharmacology & Physiology Faculty Publications. 31.