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Nanoscale Mirna, Mrna, Genes, Human, Primates, Gastric Cancer, Diagnostics, Nanomedicine

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Nanoscale miRNAs regulate the synthesis of most human proteins involved in differentiation, proliferation, cell cycle, apoptosis, and other processes associated with the growth and the development of an organism. miRNAs also play a number of important roles in the development of gastric cancer. In this work, we studied the quantitative characteristics of miRNA interactions with 69 candidate gastric cancer genes using bioinformatics approaches. To this end, the MirTarget program was used, which determines the characteristics of miRNA binding to mRNA in the 5′UTR, CDS, and 3′UTR. Associations of miRNAs with alternative target genes and associations of genes with alternative miRNAs were established. The cluster organization of miRNA binding sites (BSs) in mRNA was revealed, leading to the emergence of miRNA competition for binding to the mRNA of a target gene. Groups of target genes with clusters of overlapping BSs include miR-5095, miR-619-5p, miR-1273 family, miR-466, ID01030.3p-miR, ID00436.3p-miR, miR-574-5p, and ID00470.5p-miR. In the defined associations of target genes and miRNAs, miRNA BSs are organized into clusters of multiple BSs, which facilitate the design and the development of a system of chips that can be used to control the state of miRNA and target genes associations in gastric cancer.

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Nanomaterials, v. 11, issue 3, art. 691