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Parkinson's Disease, α-synuclein, Fibrillation, Aggregation, Intrinsically Disordered Protein

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α-Synuclein, a natively unfolded protein aggregation which is implicated in the pathogenesis of Parkinson’s disease and several other neurodegenerative diseases, is known to interact with a great number of unrelated proteins. Some of these proteins, such as ß-synuclein and DJ-1, were shown to inhibit α-synuclein aggregation in vitro and in vivo therefore acting as chaperones. Since calbindin-D28K is co-localized with Ca2+ neuronal membrane pumps, and since α-synuclein is also found in the membrane proximity, these two proteins can potentially interact in vivo. Here we show that calbindin-D28K interacts with α-synuclein and inhibits its fibrillation in a calcium-dependent manner, therefore potentially acting as a calcium-dependent chaperone

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Open Life Sciences, v. 5, issue 1, p. 11-20