Structure and Dynamics of the Retro-form of the Bacteriophage T5 Endolysin
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Using high-resolution NMR spectroscopy we conducted a comparative analysis of the structural and dynamic properties of the bacteriophage T5 endolysin (EndoT5) and its retro-form; i.e., a protein with the reversed direction of the polypeptide chain (R-EndoT5). We show that structurally, retro-form can be described as the molten globule-like polypeptide that is easily able to form large oligomers and aggregates. To avoid complications associated with this high aggregation propensity of the retro protein, we compared EndoT5 and R-EndoT5 in the presence of strong denaturants. This analysis revealed that these two proteins possess different internal dynamics in solutions containing 8 M urea, with the retro-form being characterized by larger dimensions and slower internal dynamics. We also show that in the absence of denaturant, both forms of the bacteriophage T5 endolysin are able to interact with micelles formed by the zwitterionic detergent dodecylphosphocholine (DPC), and that the formation of the protein-micelle complexes leads to the significant structural rearrangement of polypeptide chain and to the formation of stable hydrophobic core in the R-Endo T5.
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Citation / Publisher Attribution
Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Proteins and Proteomics, v. 1864, issue 10, p. 1281-1291
Scholar Commons Citation
Kutyshenko, Victor P.; Mikoulinskaia, Galina V.; Molochkov, Nikolai V.; Prokhorov, Dmitry A.; Taran, Sergei A.; and Uversky, Vladimir N., "Structure and Dynamics of the Retro-form of the Bacteriophage T5 Endolysin" (2016). Molecular Medicine Faculty Publications. 361.