Contribution of correlation and spectral analyses to the regional study of a large karst aquifer (Charente, France)
Journal of Hydrology
The purpose of the study is to demonstrate that correlation and spectral analyses can contribute to the regional study of a large karst aquifer. An example is presented for the La Rochefoucauld karst aquifer (Charente, France). Different types of spatially distributed time series provide valuable spatio-temporal information for the karst aquifer. The available time series consist of the spring flow rates, the flow rates at different locations in sinking streams, the piezometric levels, the electrical conductivity and temperature of the water, the atmospheric pressure and the precipitation. The analysis of the flow rates at the springs shows that the aquifer empties very slowly and has a large storage capacity. Hydrodynamic link were established between three of the four rivers flowing on the aquifer and the springs. The results also demonstrate the important spatial heterogeneity of the aquifer and indicate that the most rapid flow occurs in the northern part of the aquifer. Hourly piezometric and electrical conductivity time series indicate that the transmissivity of the aquifer varies when some conductive channels become desaturated during the low water period. The delays between the distributed recharge and the piezometric level, between the localized river input and the flow rates at the springs and between the electrical conductivities in rivers and the main spring provide information on the travel times in the aquifer. The observation of earth tides and barometric effects indicate that this apparently unconfined aquifer has a confined behaviour.
Karst; Time series analysis; Correlation; Spectral analysis; Regional scale
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Larocque, M.; Mangin, A.; and Razack, M., "Contribution of correlation and spectral analyses to the regional study of a large karst aquifer (Charente, France)" (1998). KIP Articles. 6796.