Cave and Karst Systems of Romania
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The availability of groundwater in karst varies widely due to complex structure, geology, and degree of karstification. The karst aquifer system has an extensive network of interconnected joints, fractures, dissolution/solution cavities, within the carbonate group, that affect their capacity to store and transmit water from the land surface to springs. At the boundary between noncalcareous and karst formations, streams are sinking underground, generating caves.
Karst Hydrogeology, Spring, Ponor, Hydrogeological Legend
Ponta, Gheorghe M.L., "Cave and Karst Systems of Romania" (2018). KIP Articles. 624.