Title

WINTERING BATS OF THE UPPER SNAKE RIVER PLAIN: OCCURRENCE IN LAVA-TUBE CAVES

Creator

David L. Genter

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Publication Date

April 1986

Abstract

Distribution and habitat selection of hibernating bats at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL) and adjacent area are reported. Exploration of over 30 lava-tube caves revealed that two species, Myotis leibii and Plecotus townsendii, hibernate in the upper Snake River Plain. Five species, M. lucifugus, M. evotis, Eptesicus fuscus, Lasionycteris noctivagans, and Lasiurus cinereus are considered migratory. Myotis leibii and P. townsendii hibernate throughout much of the area, occasionally in mixed-species groups. Myotis leibii uses the dark and protected regions of the cave, usually wedged into tiny pockets and crevices near or at the highest portion of the ceiling. Individuals of P. townsendii may be found at any height or depth in the cave. Temperature appears to be the primary limiting factor in habitat selection. Myotis leibii was found in significantly cooler air temperatures than P. townsendii. Neither species tolerated continuous temperatures below 1.5 C. Relative humidity does not seem to be a significant factor in the distribution or habitat selection of the two species in lava-tube caves.

Notes

The Great Basin Naturalist, Vol. 46, no. 3 (1986-04-30).

Keywords

Bats, Caves, Habitat Selection, Relative Humidity, Hibernation, Ecoregions, Basalt, Ecological Life Histories, Biochemistry

Description

RDA

Subject: topical

Bats; Caves; Habitat Selection; Relative Humidity; Hibernation; Ecoregions; Basalt; Ecological Life Histories; Biochemistry

Type

Article

Genre

serial

Identifier

SFS0039902_00001

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