Title

Temperature variation and the presence of troglobionts in terrestrial shallow subterranean habitats

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Publication Date

January 2010

Abstract

Within the soil matrix and underlying rock, cracks and fissures and other air-filled spaces between rocks, sometimes called the milieu souterrain superficiel (MSS), are present in a variety of geological contexts. We examined year-long hourly temperature profiles at sites in lava in the Canary Islands and limestone in Slovenia. All sites had species that show morphological adaptations usually associated with cave-dwelling organisms, including elongated appendages and reduced eyes and pigment. MSS sites were studied at depths between 10 and 70 cm and showed strong seasonality, and most had a discernible diurnal cycle as well. The most striking difference from surface habitats was that the temperature extremes were much less pronounced in MSS sites. Temperature variability was not correlated with troglobiotic species richness. The presence of species with similar morphologies to those found in caves indicates that selective pressures are similar in cave and shallow subterranean habitats.

Notes

Journal of Natural History, Vol. 45, no. 3-4 (2010-01-01).

Keywords

Hypogean Habitats, Milieu Souterrain Superficiel, Shallow Subterranean Habitats, Temperature Profiles, Troglobionts

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RDA

Subject: topical

Hypogean Habitats; Milieu Souterrain Superficiel; Shallow Subterranean Habitats; Temperature Profiles; Troglobionts

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Article

Genre

serial

Identifier

SFS0073658_00001

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