Title

Success of Wildlife Disease Treatment Depends on Host Immune Response

Files

Link to Full Text

Download Full Text

Publication Date

January 2017

Abstract

Infectious diseases significantly threaten many wildlife populations. Proposed treatments often fail to consider resulting impacts on natural host defense mechanisms and ongoing infection risks. We demonstrate the importance of prior knowledge of host defenses by modeling outcomes of various treatment regimes on bat populations infected with white-nose syndrome (WNS), a disease that has caused declines in multiple North American species. Despite differences in species susceptibility to the causative fungus, how hosts respond to and survive infection remains unclear. We explore three potential host-defense mechanisms: upregulation of the responsive innate or adaptive immune systems, and rapid evolution that enables evolutionary rescue. We demonstrate that treatment can accelerate extirpation (relative to inaction) if hosts are defended by responsive immunity; whereas, treatment can cause populations undergoing evolutionary rescue to regain population viability faster. We conclude that successful treatment of wildlife diseases must first consider how individuals respond to and survive infection.

Notes

Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 5, no. 28 (2017).

Keywords

Bat Conservation, Disease Treatment Modeling, Fungal Pathogen, Wildlife Disease, White Nose Syndrome, Wildlife Disease Management

Description

RDA

Subject: topical

Bat Conservation; Disease Treatment Modeling; Fungal Pathogen; Wildlife Disease; White Nose Syndrome; Wildlife Disease Management

Type

Article

Genre

serial

Identifier

SFS0073017_00001

Share

COinS