Title

Stable isotopic composition of submerged plants living in karst water and its eco-environmental importance.

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Publication Date

January 2017

Abstract

The stable carbon isotopic composition of submerged plants (δ13CP) can be controlled by physiological and environmental factors. Herein, we took advantage of a short, natural karst river with an annual mean bicarbonate (HCO3−) value of 3.8 mmol L−1 to study the stable carbon isotopic composition of submerged plants along the river and the influence of environmental conditions on the δ13CP values. The δ13CP values of Ottelia acuminata, Potamogeton wrightii, Vallisneria natans, and Hydrilla verticillata from upstream to downstream show a gradient and ranged from −34.8‰ to −27.8‰, −36.6‰ to −23.7‰, −35.1‰ to −25.3‰, and −38.6‰ to −26.3‰, respectively and even more depleted values for the first two species at the uppermost site. Diurnal variation of water chemistry and concentration of the dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) and the stable carbon isotopic composition of DIC (δ13CD) indicate that the macrophytes and other primary producers in the river have a very high net photosynthetic rate. The gradient of δ13CP values was consistent with CO2 being a declining source of inorganic carbon for photosynthesis in the downstream transect. The results demonstrate that the high DIC concentration with lower negative δ13C value, particularly in karst water environment has a significant role in controlling the stable carbon isotopic composition of submerged plants living in it.

Notes

Aquatic Botany, Vol. 140 (2017).

Keywords

Zhaidi River, Submerged Plants, Stable Carbon Isotope, Dissolved Inorganic Carbon, Karst Water Environment

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1 online resource

Subject: topical

Zhaidi River; Submerged Plants; Stable Carbon Isotope; Dissolved Inorganic Carbon; Karst Water Environment

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Article

Genre

Serial publications

Identifier

SFS0070075_00001

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