Pathologies of cave bear bones from Potočka zijalka (Slovenia)

Gerhard Withalm

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In this article a description of all pathologically changed skeletal elements from Ursus ingressus Rabeder et al., 2004 is given. From the available material the conclusion is drawn that the cave bear population was in general healthy. At the first glance this seems astonishing because there is quite a lot of pathologic material but it is obvious that most of the pathologies are of erosive character due to the high individual age of the animals. Only a small number of pathologies – most of them are from appendicular skeleton – is of traumatic origin.