Entranceless and Fractal Caves Revisited
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Cave geometric properties have been studied between 1958 and today as statistical or fractal objects. These studies have divulged some degree of order in such properties as the distribution of cave lengths in a region and the distribution of cave passage sizes, and exhibiting some degree of self-similarity, suggesting a fractal nature, or moderate departures from self-similarity, suggesting geological mechanisms that introduce particular scales. The studies have also produced methods for estimating roughly the number of entranceless caves and the length distribution of all caves in regions, and the volume of caves as a function of the size of cave passages, first steps in a more complete description of karst aquifers.
Karst Model, Vol. 5 (1999).
Curl, Rane L., "Entranceless and Fractal Caves Revisited" (1999). KIP Articles. 1876.