Depth of conduit flow in unconfined carbonate aquifers.
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Worthington (2001) proposes that because groundwater viscosity decreases with depth as a consequence of geothermal heating, deep flow paths and dissolutional cave genesis will be favored where path length is greater than ∼3 km, and is abetted if there is steep stratal dip. He suggests that some major explored caves developed in accordance with these controls.
Ground Water, Carbonate Rocks, Sedimentary Rocks, Aquifers, Caves, Fractured Materials, Geothermal Systems, Hydrodynamics, Karst, Hydrology, Preferential Flow, Thermal Effects, Unconfined Aquifers, Viscosity
Geology, Vol. 30, no. 1 (2002-01-01).
Geological Society of America
Ford, Derek and Worthington, Stephen R. H., "Depth of conduit flow in unconfined carbonate aquifers." (2002). KIP Articles. 1280.