Author Biography

Łukasz Szymankiewicz Ph.D., Adjunct Assistant Professor in Security Studies Departmen at the WSB University in Dąbrowa Górnicza, Poland. Member of a research project on civil aviation security, financed by The National Centre for Research and Development. He is an instructor in civil aviation security area, employed in Security Division of The Upper Silesian Aviation Group (GTL SA).



Subject Area Keywords

Israel, Middle East, Palestine, Political violence, Terrorism / counterterrorism, Transportation Security


The research problem of this article is the process of evolution of aviation terrorism over the years as illustrated by attacks against El Al airlines, with special reference to the research perspective of the security system. The author embarks on verifying the hypothesis that aviation terrorism is changing phenomenon which has been accompanied over the years by increasingly brutal methods and effects of the attacks, transforming aviation terrorism from a medium of communication to a tool for causing maximum damage. Employing the genealogical method, the author analysed 52 terrorist attacks from the years 1968 to 2012, whereby he attempted to answer the research question of "How has the phenomenon of aviation terrorism evolved over the years?"