Based on the Social Amplification of Risk Framework (SARF) and crisis decision theory, this study examined the influence of trust in different types of information sources on the believability of COVID-19 information (BCI). Furthermore, the influence of BCI on fearfulness and the corresponding influence of fearfulness on the intention to use hospitality services and stay at home are analyzed. Structural equations modeling, using data from 1,017 American consumers, successfully confirmed the significant influences of trust in media and government on BCI and the corresponding positive effect of BCI on fearfulness. Additionally, the negative effects of fearfulness on intentions to visit hotels and restaurants (general and Chinese) and the positive effects of fearfulness on intentions to stay at home and use third-part food delivery services are validated. Trust in social media was not found to influence BCI and the negative effect of fearfulness on Chinese restaurants was weaker than that of general restaurants. Numerous implications are offered for practitioners.


Coronavirus, Chinese restaurants, food delivery, social amplification of risk framework, crisis decision theory



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