Peace, Security, Southern Africa Development Committee, Mozambique, Peacebuilding

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The purpose of this article is to investigate peace and security challenges in Mozambique. The paper wants to contribute to research recurrent political conflicts should be evaluated and how their effectiveness can be measured on how peace-making interventions by the Southern Africa Development Committee (SADC) in member states experiencing. Peace-making is understood as a varied approach to resolving conflicts, encompassing negotiation, diplomatic engagement, and mediation. Mediation refers to third party facilitation aimed at resolving conflicts. The main argument is that SADC mediation– which forms the core of its approach to peace-making – is not oriented towards transforming conflicts. Most, if not all, of the political conflicts SADC has mediated have recurred in one form or another. Armed insurgencies, social cleavages and governance deficits relating to authoritarian rule and abuse of state resource all imperil peace and stability in Mozambique. The Southern Africa Development Community (SADC) institutional framework for regional peace and security is proving ineffective because its leaders are unwilling to enforce democratic principles.



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