Eventually, killing, fighting and rape between the various actors will come to a halt. Black Africans, the Government of Sudan and the international community will still be confronted to 7 main challenges: Arabs are now beginning to settle on land that the black Africans were forced off of by the GOS and Janjaweed; the inexorable desertification of more and more land in Darfur; the ever-increasing lack of adequate water sources in Darfur; the issue of reparations; the plight of females raped during the genocidal period, the status of the original complaints by the black Africans and the issue of bringing the perpetrators to justice.



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