Aging, Bone resorption, Cell differentiation, Conjugated linoleic acids, Cytokines, Inflammation
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) has been shown to positively influence calcium and bone metabolism. Earlier, we showed that CLA (equal mixture of c9t11-CLA and t10c12-CLA) could protect age-associated bone loss by modulating inflammatory markers and osteoclastogenesis. Since, c9t11-CLA and t10c12-CLA isomers differentially regulate functional parameters and gene expression in different cell types, we examined the efficacy of individual CLA isomers against age-associated bone loss using 12 months old C57BL/6 female mice fed for 6 months with 10% corn oil (CO), 9.5% CO+0.5% c9t11-CLA, 9.5% CO+0.5% t10c12-CLA or 9.5% CO+0.25% c9t11-CLA+0.25% t10c12-CLA. Mice fed a t10c12-CLA diet maintained a significantly higher bone mineral density (BMD) in femoral, tibial and lumbar regions than those fed CO and c9t11-CLA diets as measured by dual-energy-X-ray absorptiometry (DXA). The increased BMD was accompanied by a decreased production of osteoclastogenic factors, that is, RANKL, TRAP5b, TNF-alpha and IL-6 in serum. Moreover, a significant reduction of high fat diet-induced bone marrow adiposity was observed in t10c12-CLA fed mice as compared to that of CO and c9t11-CLA fed mice, as measured by Oil-Red-O staining of bone marrow sections. In addition, a significant reduction of osteoclast differentiation and bone resorbing pit formation was observed in t10c12-CLA treated RAW 264.7 cell culture stimulated with RANKL as compared to that of c9t11-CLA and linoleic acid treated cultures. In conclusion, these findings suggest that t10c12-CLA is the most potent CLA isomer and it exerts its anti-osteoporotic effect by modulating osteoclastogenesis and bone marrow adiposity.
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Citation / Publisher Attribution
Journal of Cellular Physiology, v. 226, issue 9, p. 2406-2414
This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Rahman, M.M., Halade, G.V., Williams, P.J. and Fernandes, G. (2011), t10c12‐CLA maintains higher bone mineral density during aging by modulating osteoclastogenesis and bone marrow adiposity. J. Cell. Physiol., 226: 2406-2414., which has been published in final form at 10.1002/jcp.22578. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
Scholar Commons Citation
Rahman, Md M.; Halade, Ganesh V.; Williams, Paul J.; and Fernandes, Gabriel, "T10C12-Cla Maintains Higher Bone Mineral Density during Aging by Modulating Osteoclastogenesis and Bone Marrow Adiposity" (2011). Internal Medicine Faculty Publications. 67.