Pulmonary Artery Systolic Pressure Measured Intraoperatively by Right Heart Catheterization Is a Predictor of Kidney Transplant Recipient Survival

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arterial pressure, Catheterization, Swan-Ganz, Graft Survival, Kidney Transplantation, Patient Outcome Assessment

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Background: The effect of pulmonary artery systolic pressure (PASP) measured by Swan-Ganz right heart catheter (SG-RHC) on kidney transplant recipient survival has not been previously studied. The objective of this study was to assess the relationships between PASP measured via SG-RHC, done intraoperatively at the time of initiating anesthesia at the beginning of kidney transplant surgery, and patient survival. Multiple comorbidities, time on dialysis before the transplantation, and graft function were also analyzed in our study.

Material and Methods: This was a retrospective cohort study using data from all consecutive patients undergoing kidney transplant between January 1, 2005 and December 31, 2009 at Tampa General Hospital. Kidney transplant recipients were divided into 2 groups: Group 1 with PASP <35 mmHg and group 2 with PASP ≥35 mmHg. Patients and graft survival data, time on dialysis before transplant, and comorbidities were compared between the 2 groups.

Results: Only 363 patients were found to have a documented PASP measurement at the time of anesthesia induction for the transplant surgery, and were included in the specific analysis of our study. Patients with PASP ≥35 mmHg showed a significant decrease in survival in comparison to patients having PASP values <35 mmHg (HR 1.88; 95% CI 1.012 to 3.47, P=0.04). There was a significant positive correlation between time on dialysis and PASP (rho 0.20; 95% CI 0.09 to 0.30, p<0.001), as well as a significant difference in median time on dialysis between PASP <35 vs. PASP ≥35 (22 vs. 29 months, p=0.004). There were no significant differences in graft failure between the 2 PASP groups (HR 0.34; 95% CI 0.12 to 1.01, P=0.05).

Conclusions: Patients with PASP ≥35 mmHg, measured intraoperatively by SG-RHC, showed significantly shorter survival in comparison to patients having PASP values <35 mmHg. This result suggests the need for a randomized controlled trial to address the importance of post-transplant pulmonary hypertension management in patient survival.

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Citation / Publisher Attribution

Annals of Transplantation, v. 23, p. 867-873