Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

June 2008

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Army, Army Nurse Corps, Atrocities, Austria, Concentration camps, Crimes against humanity, Evacuation Hospital, 131st, Evacuation Hospital, 131st., Genocide, Gusen, Hospitals, Liberation, Maroon, Dorothy, Medical care, Nurses, American, United States, Veterans, World War, 1939-1945


This is an oral history interview with Holocaust concentration camp liberator Dorothy Maroon. Maroon was a nurse with the 131st Evacuation Hospital, which was one of the units sent to Gusen after its liberation on May 5, 1945. At the same time the war ended, they received word of the camp and were dispatched there to take care of the prisoners. The nurses did not go into the camp for several days after they arrived there and, once they had, stayed in the officers' quarters at some distance from the camp. Maroon and the other nurses tended the patients, many of whom were taken back to their countries of origin, and saw the crematoria and other places in the camp. She and the other nurses were very close, and Maroon used to host their annual reunions.

Physical Information

1 sound file (24 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (17 p.)