Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

August 2008

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Battle of the Ardennes, Battle of the Bulge, 1944-1945, Army, Atrocities, Concentration camps, Crimes against humanity, Genocide, Germany, Infantry Division, 104th, Liberation, Marcinek, John P., Nordhausen, American, United States, Veterans, World War, 1939-1945


This is an oral history interview with Holocaust concentration camp liberator John P. Marcinek. Marcinek was a member of the 104th Infantry Division, which liberated Nordhausen on April 11, 1945. While on the road, his unit found several people wearing ragged prison uniforms, and Marcinek, who spoke some Slovak, was called to translate. The prisoners told them that their guards had left and directed them to an encampment surrounded by double barbed wire. They spoke with the newly-appointed commandant, a Wehrmacht officer who gave Marcinek his gun. In this interview, Marcinek also recounts his experiences during the Battle of the Bulge and on his progression through the Rhineland.

Physical Information

1 sound file (69 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (25 p.)