Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

October 2008

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Battle of the Ardennes, Battle of the Bulge, 1944-1945, Army, Atrocities, Concentration camps, Crimes against humanity, Dachau, Genocide, Germany, Infantry Division, 45th, Liberation, Mann, Karl O., American, Sparks, Felix Laurence, United States, Veterans, World War, 1939-1945


This is an oral history interview with Holocaust concentration camp liberator Karl O. Mann. Mann was a member of the 45th Infantry Division, which liberated Dachau on April 29, 1945. The division went to Europe in 1943 and fought in Italy, southern France, and the Battle of the Bulge, after which they broke into Germany and headed towards Munich. Mann, who was born in Germany and lived there until he was eleven, was the interpreter for battalion commander Felix Sparks from fall 1944 until the war ended, going everywhere with him. The division was ordered to investigate Dachau and spent a few days there, during which time Sparks and Mann went to the camp twice. Mann also witnessed two of the key events in the 45th's liberation: the killing of the German guards and Sparks' confrontation with General Henning Linden.

Physical Information

1 sound file (91 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (28 p.)