Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

June 2008

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Army, Atrocities, Concentration camps, Crimes against humanity, Genocide, Germany, Infantry Division, 69th, Liberation, Lipsius, Joseph, American, United States, Veterans, World War, 1939-1945


Oral history interview with Holocaust concentration camp liberator Joe Lipsius. Lipsius was a captain in the 69th Infantry Division, which liberated Leipzig-Thekla, a sub-camp of Buchenwald, though he himself was not present at that camp. He was drafted in October 1941 and spent three years training other soldiers for the 96th and 69th Infantry Divisions. The 69th arrived in Europe in December 1944 and fought in the Battle of the Bulge, then moved across the Siegfried Line and into Germany. Lipsius was one of the regiment's officers and was behind the rest of the troops planning their movements. While moving through Germany, he encountered one labor camp with Hungarian Jewish women, which a sergeant found and called to his attention. The women were not starving but wanted to be let out of the camp, which was against Lipsius's orders. Lipsius maintains a website about the 69th Division and its activity during World War II.

Physical Information

1 sound file (91 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (33 p.)