Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

August 2008

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Army, Atrocities, Concentration camps, Crimes against humanity, Genocide, Germany, Infantry Division, 104th, Leu, Arthur, Liberation, Military police, Nordhausen, American, United States, Veterans, World War, 1939-1945


This is an oral history interview with Holocaust concentration camp liberator Arthur Leu. Leu was an MP, or Military Police, with the 104th Infantry Division, which liberated Nordhausen, part of the Dora-Mittelbau complex of camps, on April 11, 1945. He joined the division as a replacement in late 1944, at which time it was moving through Germany and taking many prisoners; as an MP, Leu's main responsibility was to guard the prisoners. While heading to Berlin, they found the Nordhausen compound. Leu arrived at the camp after the first soldiers and did not spend much time there before continuing with his other duties. He describes entering the camp and seeing the prisoners, and explains how seeing them affected his reaction to the German prisoners they captured.

Physical Information

1 sound file (29 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (15 p.)