Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

September 2008

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Armored Division, 11th, Army, Atrocities, Austria, Concentration camps, Crimes against humanity, Genocide, Larson, Orville, Liberation, Mauthausen, American, United States, Veterans, World War, 1939-1945


This is an oral history interview with Holocaust concentration camp liberator Orville Lawson. Lawson was a member of the 11th Armored Division, which liberated Mauthausen on May 6, 1945. When they arrived at the camp its gates were open, and they were able to drive their tanks directly inside. The battalion headquarters took over the camp, and the soldiers were each assigned jobs; Larson's was guard duty. Prisoners who could travel were sent back to their home countries, while the sick ones were given medical treatment. Larson's division stayed in the camp for several weeks and were then dispatched to the Alps to search for the SS guards.

Physical Information

1 sound file (25 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (17 p.)