Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

April 2009

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Army, Army Nurse Corps, Atrocities, Buchenwald, Concentration camps, Crimes against humanity, Evacuation Hospital, 120th, Genocide, Germany, Horton, May Macdonald, Hospitals, Liberation, Medical care, Nurses, American, United States, Veterans, World War, 1939-1945


This is an oral history interview with Holocaust concentration camp liberator May Macdonald Horton. Horton was a nurse with the 120th Evacuation Hospital, which was one of the units sent to Buchenwald after its liberation on April 11, 1945. She was one of the chief nurses in charge of the operating rooms. The nurses did not go into the camp itself, since their commanding officer thought it was too horrible for them; instead, prisoners were brought to the field hospital, where they were treated. In this interview, Horton recounts her experiences at Buchenwald and also discusses how she became an army nurse.

Physical Information

1 sound file (27 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (16 p.)