Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

August 2008

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Armored Division, 11th, Army, Atrocities, Concentration camps, Crimes against humanity, Death marches, Flossenbürg, Genocide, Germany, Holma, Tarmo, Liberation, American, United States, Veterans, World War, 1939-1945


This is an oral history interview with Holocaust concentration camp liberator Tarmo Holma. Holma was a member of the 11th Armored Division, which liberated Mauthausen and Gusen on May 5-6, 1945, although Holma's company was not at the camps, having been assigned to guard the road around Linz, Austria. Holma did, however, encounter prisoners from Flossenbürg on a death march from that camp. On the road near Cham, Germany, Holma, who was seated on top of his tank, could see some activity on the road, which turned out to be thousands of prisoners. It took his unit the entire day to pass through the crowd. Holma is frequently invited to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum's Remembrance Day activities and is featured on the museum's website.

Physical Information

1 sound file (37 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (18 p.)