Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

August 2008

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Army, Atrocities, Buchenwald, Concentration camps, Crimes against humanity, Dachau, Evacuation Hospital, 120th, Genocide, Germany, Herzmark, Leonard E., Hospitals, Jewish veterans, Liberation, Medical care, American, United States, Veterans, World War, 1939-1945


This is an oral history interview with Holocaust concentration camp liberator Leonard E. Herzmark. Herzmark was a medical technician with the 120th Evacuation Hospital, which was one of the units sent to Buchenwald after its liberation on April 11, 1945. Arriving at the camp three days after liberation, their first task was to clean up the barracks and set up facilities to treat the former prisoners, whom they began rehydrating. Herzmark and his unit spent about ten days at Buchenwald before leaving; several days later, they arrived at Dachau. In this interview, Herzmark describes his reactions to Buchenwald and his duties taking care of patients.

Physical Information

1 sound file (60 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (23 p.)