Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

May 2008

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Battle of the Ardennes, Battle of the Bulge, 1944-1945, Army, Atrocities, Austria, Concentration camps, Crimes against humanity, Genocide, Germany, Hermon, Eliot, Infantry Division, 65th, Jewish veterans, Liberation, Ohrdruf, American, United States, Veterans, World War, 1939-1945


This is an oral history interview with Holocaust concentration camp liberator Eliot Hermon. Hermon joined the Army in 1943 and went to Europe in 1944 with the 6th Corps, where he was wounded during the invasion of southern France. He was sent back to the United States and, after recovering, went back to Europe as a replacement for the 65th Infantry Division. Hermon, a communications sergeant, fought in the Battle of the Bulge and the Central Europe Campaign, where he was typically with the point in front of the army. On April 6, 1945, he and his party entered Ohrdruf, a sub-camp of Buchenwald that had been liberated two days earlier. Hermon had a camera with him and shot several dozen photographs. A month later, shortly before the war ended, he and a small group found another concentration camp near Linz, Austria. In this interview, Hermon describes his reactions to the two camps and tells several other stories from his military career. He frequently speaks about his experiences, visiting schools and his local Holocaust studies center.

Physical Information

1 sound file (121 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (40 p.)