Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

August 2008

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Army, Atrocities, Concentration camps, Crimes against humanity, Dachau, Foster, Hugh F., III, Genocide, Germany, Infantry Division, 42nd, Infantry Division, 45th, Liberation, United States, Veterans, World War, 1939-1945


This is an oral history interview with military historian Hugh F. Foster III. Foster, a retired Army lieutenant colonel and Vietnam veteran, has studied the Dachau liberation since 1990 and is frequently consulted by other researchers. In this interview, he analyzes the American offense during the last few months of World War II, discussing why divisions frequently stayed in concentration camps for only a few hours, or even passed them by altogether. He also addresses the longstanding debate between the 42nd and 45th Infantry Divisions about who actually reached Dachau first, and the question of how the Army was equipped to care for thousands of liberated prisoners.

Physical Information

1 sound file (15 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (6 p.)