Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

August 2008

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Armored Division, 11th, Army, Atrocities, Austria, Concentration camps, Crimes against humanity, Dachau Trial, Dachau, Germany, 1946, Ellmann, Werner, Genocide, Liberation, Mauthausen, American, United States, Veterans, World War, 1939-1945


This is an oral history interview with Holocaust concentration camp liberator Werner Ellmann. Ellmann was a member of the 11th Armored Division, which liberated Mauthausen on May 5, 1945. Born in Germany, he, his parents, and younger brother came to the United States in 1929; his two older brothers were left behind and eventually joined the German army. Ellmann was drafted into the U.S. Army and arrived in Europe in 1944, during the Battle of Hürtgen Forest. Before being assigned to the 11th Armored, he was a liaison with the 101st Airborne Division at Bastogne during the Battle of the Bulge. Since he spoke German, Ellmann often interpreted for the officers, helping them to coordinate movements, and thus was one of the first soldiers to enter Mauthausen. After the war, Ellmann was an interpreter at the Dachau Trial in 1946. In this interview, he describes his experiences at the camp, during the trials, and after the war, particularly how seeing Mauthausen has affected his life.

Physical Information

1 sound file (70 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (28 p.)