Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

March 2008

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Army, Atrocities, Concentration camps, Crimes against humanity, Dachau, Eisenstein, Morris, Genocide, Germany, Infantry Division, 42nd, Jewish veterans, Liberation, American, United States, Veterans, World War, 1939-1945


This is an oral history interview with Holocaust concentration camp liberator Morris Eisenstein. Eisenstein was a corporal in the 42nd Infantry Division, which liberated Dachau on April 29, 1945. He and his unit were waiting for orders in the town of Dachau when they were told to investigate something outside the town. Eisenstein was one of the first American soldiers to enter the camp and was immediately surrounded by thousands of prisoners. Firing his rifle into the air, he addressed them with a Hebrew prayer, which calmed them down. As Eisenstein walked through the camp, he stumbled over a man sitting on the ground and offered him some money. The man insisted on giving him something in return: the Star of David badge from his uniform. After walking around the camp, Eisenstein collected his men and went on to Munich. He has been frequently interviewed and has been featured in at least two books.

Physical Information

1 sound file (17 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (9 p.)