Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

March 2008

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Army, Atrocities, Cardinale, Anthony C., Jr., Concentration camps, Crimes against humanity, Dachau, Genocide, Germany, Infantry Division, 42nd, Liberation, American, United States, Veterans, World War, 1939-1945


This is an oral history interview with Holocaust concentration camp liberator Anthony "Tony" Cardinale, Jr. Cardinale was a radio operator with the 42nd Infantry Division, which liberated Dachau on April 29, 1945. The day they found the camp, he was in a Jeep with his regiment's colonel, Henry Luongo. They saw a train just outside the camp, containing thousands of bodies: prisoners shipped from Buchenwald to Dachau. Cardinale, following the colonel, walked past the cars and saw a hand moving. He shouted to another colonel, Don Downard, who pulled the man out of the train and handed him to Cardinale. The man, the only survivor from the train, was taken to a first aid station; Cardinale lost track of him and was never able to get any information about his fate. After rescuing the prisoner, they continued walking around the camp, witnessing the prisoners and the crematorium.

Physical Information

1 sound file (36 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (13 p.)