Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

December 2009

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Asaba (Nigeria), Civil War, 1967-1970, Crimes against humanity, Massacres, Ugboko, Charles


Oral history interview with Charles Ugboko, a survivor of the Asaba Massacre, a mass killing of civilians which occurred in 1967 during the Nigerian Civil War. Ugboko, who turned twenty-one just before the massacre, had been teaching at a local high school and living with his family in Asaba. He and his family were taken to a soccer field near their home and told to sit down; the men were separated from the women and children. Ugboko recognized one of the Nigerian officers and called out to him; the officer took him aside and brought him to a farm outside the city where he stayed for about a week. Ugboko's uncle took him to a refugee camp and helped him find his parents, who had believed he was dead. Altogether, forty members of his family were killed in the massacre, including his brother and four uncles. Ugboko expresses his support for the need for a monument to the dead but is against exhuming the remains as many of the surviving family members have already died.

Physical Information

1 sound file (35 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (20 p.)