Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

December 2009

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Asaba (Nigeria), Civil War, 1967-1970, Crimes against humanity, Massacres, Okonjo, Peter I. G.


Oral history interview with Peter Okonjo, a survivor of the Asaba Massacre, a mass killing of civilians which occurred in 1967 during the Nigerian Civil War. Okonjo was a teenage boy when the massacre took place and was living with his family in the city. When the Nigerian soldiers entered the city, he joined the group of people gathering in the plaza to welcome the troops. He noticed that many of the women had dressed their sons in women's clothing and started to think that something was wrong. Upon hearing the first gunshots, he fell to the ground and laid there until the shooting stopped; eventually, he was able to escape. Okonjo fled into the bush and hid at a farm for several months. When he returned to the city, his family had gone and their house had been burned, so he stayed with an uncle in Aboh, not returning to Asaba until 1969. In this interview, Okonjo also comments on the causes of the massacre.

Physical Information

1 sound file (33 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (15 p.)