Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

March 2011

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Bergen-Belsen, Concentration camps, Crimes against humanity, Florida, Genocide, Germany, Holocaust survivors, 1939-1945, Jewish children in the Holocaust., Jews, Larys, Alexander, Poland, Rescue, World War, 1939-1945


Oral history interview with Holocaust survivor Alexander Larys. Larys was born in Krakow, Poland, in 1939. Larys and his parents were deported to the Bochnia ghetto in 1940, where his father forged papers saying they were citizens of Argentina. This allowed them to go back to Krakow when Bochnia's ghetto was liquidated in 1942. They ended up in Bergen-Belsen's Star Compound. When the Nazis started moving prisoners from Bergen-Belsen in 1945, the Larys family was part of a group taken by train towards Magdeburg and were liberated by the American 30th Infantry Division. After the war they lived in Belgium for several years, then went to Israel in 1950, and immigrated to the United States in 1954. As an adult, Larys frequently visited Israel, sometimes for extended periods of a year or more, and was in the Israel Defense Forces. In 2009 he was reunited with one of the 30th Division soldiers who liberated the train, and he has participated in several reunions and events related to the train.

Physical Information

1 sound file (45 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (26 p.)