Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

November 2010

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


20th century, Antisemitism, Army, Crimes against humanity, Florida, Genocide, Germany, Holocaust survivors, 1939-1945, Infantry Division, 99th, Jewish veterans, Kristallnacht, 1938, Marburg, Kurt, American, Study and teaching, United States, Veterans, World War, 1939-1945


Oral history interview with Holocaust survivor and World War II veteran Kurt Marburg. Marburg was born in Berlin in 1924 and has clear memories of the rise of the Third Reich, including the Nazi takeover, the burning of the Reichstag, the 1933 book burnings, and the 1936 Olympics in Berlin. The increase in anti-Semitism led to the family's decision to immigrate to the United States, where they arrived in November 1938, five days before Kristallnacht. Marburg attended school in New York and was drafted into the U.S. Army in 1943 when he graduated. He was a rifleman in the 99th Infantry Division and fought in the Battle of the Bulge. Due to severely frostbitten feet, he was evacuated to England; after recovering, he was a military policeman in France and stayed during the occupation. After his discharge he was a civilian contractor at the Post Exchange in Munich, where he met his wife. After retiring, the Marburgs moved to Florida, where he met another Holocaust survivor and they began giving talks at schools in Sarasota and Manatee Counties, the first Holocaust education program in that area. In this interview, Marburg also reads a letter he wrote in commemoration of Kristallnacht.

Physical Information

1 sound file (101 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (27 p.)