Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

October 2010

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Crimes against humanity, Florida, Florida Holocaust Museum, Genocide, Hidden children, Holocaust survivors, 1939-1945, Jewish children in the Holocaust, Poland, Rinde, Toni


Oral history interview with Holocaust survivor Toni Rinde. Rinde was born in Przemysl, Poland, in 1940, about fourteen months after the invasion of Poland. The town's Jews were rounded up into a ghetto, but at first were still able to leave on short trips. On one such trip in early 1942, Rinde's parents met a Polish woman who agreed to shelter the sixteen month old baby. Her parents also managed to escape the ghetto and were partisans in the woods until the war ended, when they were reunited with their daughter, which was a difficult transition for her. The family eventually came to the United States, where they settled in New Jersey. While in college Rinde was introduced to her husband John Rinde, another Holocaust survivor. They came to Florida after he finished medical school, where she became involved with several Jewish organizations and the Florida Holocaust Museum. In this interview, Rinde also discusses her childhood in the United States, marriage and family, and how being a Holocaust survivor has impacted her life.

Physical Information

1 sound file (109 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (49 p.)