Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

December 2009

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Asaba (Nigeria), Civil War, 1967-1970, Crimes against humanity, Massacres, Ogunkeye, Gertrude Chinwe


Oral history interview with Gertrude Chinwe Ogunkeye, a survivor of the Asaba Massacre, a mass killing of civilians which occurred in 1967 during the Nigerian Civil War. Ogunkeye, her mother, and her siblings were living in Enugu but left shortly after Biafra seceded from Nigeria; they returned home to Asaba, where they stayed with Ogunkeye's grandfather. When the Nigerian soldiers arrived in Asaba, they ordered her family to leave their house and they complied, except for Ogunkeye's uncle, who hid and was later killed. They were taken to the town square, where Ogunkeye saw the soldiers kill two young men and heard machine guns as others were shot. The women, children, and elders were taken by bus to a nearby village, where they stayed for several months until her father, who was living in Lagos, managed to find them. The family did not return to Asaba until after the war was over. Ogunkeye was one of the speakers at the Oputa Panel, the commission which investigated the massacre. In this interview, she also comments on the conflict's causes and emphasizes the need for a memorial.

Physical Information

1 sound file (51 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (21 p.)