Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

August 2010

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Auschwitz, Bergen-Belsen, Crimes against humanity, Czechoslovakia, Florida, Genocide, Holocaust survivors, 1939-1945, Hungary, Schlanger, Ella, Ukraine


Oral history interview with Holocaust survivor Ella Schlanger. Schlanger was born in 1930 in a village near Mukachevo in Ruthenia (present-day Ukraine), Czechoslovakia. Schlanger was eight when Ruthenia was annexed by Hungary, but her childhood continued fairly normally until 1944, when the Hungarians began deporting the Jewish population. Her family's Passover dinner was interrupted by soldiers who took them to a brick factory, where they stayed for a month until they were taken to Auschwitz. Upon arrival, the men were separated from the women, and another prisoner warned Schlanger's mother to say that her daughter was sixteen. Dr. Mengele was selecting prisoners that day and sent her mother to the gas chambers and Schlanger to the camp. She was reunited briefly with her father and brother, but then they were separated again; that was the last time she saw them. In Auschwitz, Schlanger worked sorting clothing and other items from the prisoners. After a few months, the Nazis began moving them to other camps. Schlanger went to a labor camp near Breslau, Gross-Rosen, Mauthausen, and Bergen-Belsen, where she was liberated by the British. After the war, she returned home to look for her father or brother, but after a month concluded that they were dead. Schlanger then moved to Prague with her cousin and cousin's fiancee, Lilly Salcman, also a Holocaust survivor.

Physical Information

1 sound file (46 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (17 p.)