Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

June 2010

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Crimes against humanity, Florida, Genocide, Germany, Holocaust survivors, 1939-1945, Jewish children in the Holocaust, Lebowitz, Ruth


Oral history interview with Holocaust survivor Ruth Lebowitz. Lebowitz was born in 1933 in Breslau, Germany, now Wroclaw, Poland. Shortly after her mother's death in 1937, her father was informed that his name was on the Gestapo's wanted list. Obtaining false papers, he went to the United States and then started making arrangements to get the rest of his family out of the country. Lebowitz and her siblings spent several months at a ski camp in Switzerland, then stayed with their great-aunt in Breslau until their visas were approved. They left in late summer 1939, one week before the invasion of Poland; their ship was the last to leave Germany. In this interview, Lebowitz describes her adaptation to life in the United States and the way her family was regarded as enemy aliens. She also recounts some of her sister's stories about going to school in Breslau amid anti-Semitic persecutions. Lebowitz is a volunteer at the Florida Holocaust Museum, something she feels an obligation to do in memory of those who perished.

Physical Information

1 sound file (30 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (10 p.)