Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

June 2010

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Auschwitz, Crimes against humanity, Czechoslovakia, Florida, Genocide, Germany, Hammond, Renée, Holocaust survivors, 1939-1945, Jewish women in the Holocaust.


Oral history interview with Holocaust survivor Renée Hammond. Hammond was born in Uzhhorod, Czechoslovakia, in 1925. She and her family lived comfortably until 1944, when their city was occupied by the Germans. They were marched out of their home and spent several weeks living in a lumberyard before being deported to Auschwitz, where the family was broken up. Hammond and her sister were taken to Essen, Germany, where they worked in the Krupp munitions factory. During a bombardment, the sisters and four other girls escaped from the factory and were sheltered by a German family until the town was liberated. Hammond and her sister were reunited with their brother, and the three siblings got jobs working in the American zone of occupation. Hammond married an American soldier and came to the United States in 1948 and was eventually followed by her brother and sister. Her sister was a witness at the Krupp Trial.

Physical Information

1 sound file (68 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (22 p.)