Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

May 2010

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Auschwitz, Birkenau, Crimes against humanity, Florida, Genocide, Holocaust survivors, Holocaust survivors' families, Holocaust, 1939-1945, Jewish women in the Holocaust., Poland, Salcman, Arthur, Salcman, Lilly, Ukraine


Oral history interview with Holocaust survivor Lilly Salcman. Salcman was born in Khust in 1922 and was the youngest of five siblings. She was attending school in Brno when the Sudetenland was annexed in 1938, and she was forced to return home. In March 1944 the Germans invaded her hometown and, after four weeks of occupation, began deporting the Jews to Auschwitz. Salcman was sent to Birkenau, where she became the storyteller for the other women in her barrack, reciting parts of Gone with the wind for them. In return, they gave her extra food. She was in Auschwitz for about six months before being sent to a labor camp in Zittau, where several German people gave her food and other assistance. After the war ended, she made her way to Prague, where she met her first husband, whom she married in 1946. She was widowed in 1971 and then, several years later, met her second husband, Arthur Salcman, who was also a Holocaust survivor. In the last third of this interview, Mr. and Mrs. Salcman discuss how they met, their family, and how being Holocaust survivors has affected them.

Physical Information

1 sound file (142 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (57 p.)