Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

January 2010

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Crimes against humanity, Florida, Genocide, Holocaust survivors, 1939-1945, Soviet Union, Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Vinokurov, Alexander M., World War, 1939-1945


Oral history interview with Holocaust survivor Alexander M. Vinokurov. Vinokurov was born Arnold Gleyzerman in Odessa, Ukraine, in 1934. He and his family left Odessa in 1941, shortly before the city was occupied by the Romanians. They made their way to Uzbekistan, where they lived until 1946. Their living conditions in Uzbekistan were very poor, with little food and epidemics. Upon returning to Odessa, Vinokurov's mother found that their apartment was no longer available, so she sent her son to stay with relatives in Moscow for a year and a half. Vinokurov went to technical school and had difficulty finding a job due to anti-Semitism. Eventually he found work at a design bureau, but still faced discrimination for being Jewish. He changed his name at the age of forty, and eventually he and his family decided to leave the Soviet Union, arriving in the United States in 1980. In this interview, Vinokurov discusses his childhood and family situation before the war, the long trip to Uzbekistan, and his struggles with anti-Semitism.

Physical Information

1 sound file (81 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (24 p.)