Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

January 2010

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Crimes against humanity, Florida, Genocide, Hidden children, Holocaust survivors, 1939-1945, Jewish children in the Holocaust, Poland, Wainberg, Salomon, Wainberg, Sandra


Oral history interview with Holocaust survivor Salomon Wainberg. Wainberg was born in Zelechow, Poland, in 1936. The town's ghetto was established in 1940 and eventually housed 15,000 Jews, including Wainberg's family. In 1942 a relative escaped from the train to Treblinka and came to his father, warning him about the camp; this prompted his father to ask a gentile friend for help. Their plans were interrupted when the ghetto was liquidated, trapping Wainberg, his brother, and his mother inside the ghetto for two weeks. Eventually they made their way to a farm, where the family was reunited. They, along with other relatives and another family, were hidden in the farmers' cellar for two years, until June 1944, when some bandits attacked the house. The Wainberg family escaped and hid in the fields until August, when they encountered the Soviet Army and were taken back to Zelechow. Eventually they decided to leave Poland and made their way first to France, then to Costa Rica, where the family settled. Wainberg and his brother attended school in the United States and immigrated permanently in 1959. His wife, Sandra Wainberg, also participates in this interview.

Physical Information

1 sound file (184 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (61 p.)