Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

December 2009

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Crimes against humanity, Florida, Genocide, Hidden children, Holocaust survivors, 1939-1945, Jewish children in the Holocaust, Poland, Rinde, Irene, Rinde, John J.


Oral history interview with Holocaust survivors John Rinde and Irene Rinde, siblings born in Poland in 1935 and 1937. Their family moved to Lvov in 1939 when the Soviets invaded and lived there for three years, the last six months of which were spent in the ghetto. In 1942 their parents acquired false papers and the family escaped to Lublin, where they pretended to be Polish Catholics until the war ended. During this time, they sheltered several relatives in their house, assisted by their father's boss, who gave him extra money, found jobs, and provided other helpful services. They continued to masquerade as Catholics in Lublin and Gdansk until 1945, when they went to France to immigrate to the United States. Upon discovering how long that process would take, they settled in Paris and had planned to stay there, but when the Korean War started their father, fearing World War III, decided to leave Europe. The Rinde family arrived in the United States in January 1952 when John was seventeen and Irene was fourteen.

Physical Information

1 sound file (175 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (38 p.)