Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

December 2009

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Army, Concentration camps, Crimes against humanity, Florida, Genocide, Germany, Gunskirchen, Holocaust survivors, 1939-1945, Infantry Division, 71st, Infantry Division, 71st., Jewish veterans, J├╝disches Auswandererlehrgut Gross-Breesen, Kindertransports (Rescue operations), Krieger, Hans Max, Krieger, Jeff, Liberation, American, United States, World War, 1939-1945


This is an oral history interview with Holocaust survivor Hans Max Krieger. Krieger was born in Germany in 1922. At the age of ten, he was accepted into the Gross-Breesen school, an agricultural training farm for Jewish youth, where he studied until 1938. After Kristallnacht, all the children over age seventeen were sent to concentration camps; Krieger, only sixteen at the time, was sent home. His mother and grandfather were able to secure him a place on a Kindertransport, and Krieger escaped to England and ultimately to America, where he worked at William B. Thalhimer's Hyde Farmland in Virginia. Krieger was drafted into the American army, serving in the 71st Infantry Division. He was present at the liberation of the Gunskirchen concentration camp on May 4, 1945. After getting out of the army, Krieger worked in a gas station, eventually owning his own chain of stations before retiring and moving to Florida. He was very active in his temple, helping to start a preschool. At the end of the interview, his son, Jeff Krieger, joins the conversation and reads a poem he wrote about his father's experiences.

Physical Information

1 sound file (86 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (41 p.)