Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

December 2009

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Asaba (Nigeria), Civil War, 1967-1970, Crimes against humanity, Massacres, Obze, Nwka


Oral history interview with Nwka Obze, a survivor of the Asaba Massacre, a mass killing of civilians which occurred in 1967 during the Nigerian Civil War. When the federal troops entered the city in October 1967, Obze's brother, who was one of the soldiers, warned her and her family that the troops were planning a massacre. Obze, her husband, and their children fled to Biafra and stayed there for about three weeks. When they returned, most of their other relatives had been killed. Obze was told by another woman that some people were even buried alive. There were relief groups who gave the survivors food and clothing and helped them rebuild their lives. Obze does not feel the need for a formal monument for the dead; she favors constructing a building for the town and dedicating it to their memory.

Physical Information

1 sound file (16 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (14 p.)