Document Type

Oral History

Publication Date

November 2009

Creation Date


Publisher Information

Florida Holocaust Museum in conjunction with University of South Florida Tampa Library and Holocaust & Genocide Studies Center


Crimes against humanity, Florida, Genocide, Halem, Marvin, Hidden children, Holocaust survivors, 1939-1945, Jewish children in the Holocaust, Poland, Richman, Sylvia Wien


This is an oral history interview with Holocaust survivor Sylvia Wien Richman, who was born in Krakow, Poland in 1938. When she was a small child, she and her parents moved to Lemberg shortly before that city was occupied by the Nazis, living in the ghetto there. Her father was deported to the Janowska concentration camp, and Richman and her mother remained in the ghetto for a few more months before escaping. Richman was separated from her mother and spent two years in a convent outside of Warsaw. After the war, she stayed with her aunt until her father could return to Poland for her. Eventually, they reunited with her mother, who had been in a displaced persons camp in Austria, and immigrated to the United States. Richman describes her experiences in the Lemberg Ghetto, in the convent, in the displaced persons camp, and her family's journey to America and their lives as Americans. At the end of the interview, she is joined by her husband, Marvin Halem.

Physical Information

1 sound file (111 min.) : digital, MP3 file + 1 transcript (28 p.)